Geneva Conventions Details
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Geneva Conventions Details

Geneva Conventions Details

Know What are Geneva Conventions, prisoner of war (POD) Details and Rules.

You must be aware that recently, a terrible situation is going on between India and Pakistan in our country. Wing Commander Abhinandan, a brave soldier of our country’s Air Force, was taken prisoner by the Pakistani Army.

But the Geneva Treaty was cited by India to Pakistan, due to which Pakistan had to release Wing Commander Abhinandan.

But you must be curious to know what is the Geneva Convention and how does it work. So today we are giving you information about it through this article.

What is Geneva Convention?

The Geneva Agreement is an agreement made during the war between two countries, including four deals and three protocols.

Under this, the standard of international law for humanitarian treatment in war is established.

In other words, when there is a war between two countries and during the war, if any soldier or civilian crosses the border, i.e., reaches the wall of the enemy country, and then international law applies to him. And that soldier is also called Prisoner of War.

Some rules have been made under this law, in which it has been said, how the enemy country should treat those soldiers and how the soldier should be sent back to his country.

Geneva Convention History

The history of the Geneva Accords goes back many years. Once upon a time, Swiss businessman Henri Dunant, a social worker, was the founder of the Red Cross and the first Nobel Peace Prize the recipient.

He went to meet the wounded soldiers after the Battle of Solferino in 1859. They were shocked by the lack of facilities, security personnel, and medical aid available to help these soldiers.

As a result, in 1862, he published a book, A Memory of Solferino, on the horror scene of the war. In that book, he expressed his views on the experiences of the war.

From these experiences, the idea of ​​​​the proposal of the Geneva Accord also appeared in his mind, which he presented among the people.

After this, whenever the Geneva Convention was amended, it was done by the International Red Cross itself.

Geneva Convention Details

The four agreements and three protocols that were included in the Geneva Accords were detailed as follows.

Agreement

First Geneva Convention

This agreement ‘for the improvement of the condition of wounded and sick in the armed forces in war’ was implemented for the first time in 1864.

After this, it was updated three more times. Finally, it was revised after 1864 in 1906 and again in 1929. Then in 1949, it became utterly final. (Geneva Conventions)

Second Geneva Convention

This was the Agreement, in which ‘for the improvement of the condition of wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of the armed forces at sea’ was proposed in 1906-07 as the second Geneva Convention.

This was the first Geneva Convention on the Protection of Victims of a Sea War, which functioned similarly to the earlier Geneva Convention.

This Agreement is also called the Haig Agreement. This, too, was fully implemented in 1949.  

Third Geneva Agreement

This Third Geneva Convention was implemented “for the treatment of prisoners of war or prisoner of war in any military battle other than war or war.”

Under this Agreement, the prisoner of war, also known as the Prisoner of War, has been asked to be sent back to his own country. This Agreement replaced the Geneva Accords of 1929 in 1949 after World War II.  (Geneva Conventions)

Fourth Geneva Agreement

After this, in addition to these three agreements, a fourth Geneva Agreement was proposed to be implemented in the coffers, ‘for the protection of civilians in times of war.’

This was the first Geneva Convention, which was not to deal with any fighting, but its subject was the protection of civilians.

However, in the Agreement of 1899 and 1907, there were already some provisions for protecting citizens and occupied areas. Article 154 of the Geneva Accords specifically describes the Fourth Geneva Accords in detail.

In this way, it was amended and implemented for many years. Then it came into full force on 12 August 1949 in the form of the ‘Geneva Agreement,’ which was signed by 196 countries.

Protocols

The 1949 agreement was amended with 3 amendment protocols.

This is as follows:  

Protocol 1

The first protocol was related to protecting victims in international armed conflicts in 1977.  

Protocol 2

The second protocol was also related to protecting victims in non-international armed conflicts in 1977.  

Protocol 3

The third protocol was related to adopting an additional special symbol in 2005.

These four agreements and protocols were settled after the Second World War and are now fully implemented among the 196 signatories. (Geneva Conventions)

Geneva Convention Rules

Under the Geneva mentioned above Agreement, some rules have been made for the Prisoner of War in the year 1949, which are as follows:   

When a soldier goes to an enemy country, there should not be any barbarism or discriminatory treatment with that prisoner of war in that country. Also, they should not be humiliated.  

If he is injured, the responsibility of taking good care of him should also belong to that country.  

However, there is also a rule in this Agreement, under which if that country wants to prosecute that soldier, he can do it. But that soldier should also be given legal facilities.  

There should not be any atrocities on the soldiers of war, nor should they be intimidated. Instead, they should also be provided with food and drink.

A war soldier can be interrogated only about his name, unit, military rank, and number.  

This is the most crucial rule under the Geneva Convention, that when the war is over, that soldier must be returned by the enemy country.

Apart from this, if any civilian or injured soldier can no longer take part in the war, these rules will also apply to them. (Geneva Conventions)

Wing Commander Abhinandan Release under Geneva Convention

When Wing Commander Abhinandan fell from his plane on the border of Pakistan, he was captured by the Pakistani Army.

But India asked him to send Abhinandan back due to the Geneva Agreement. In fact, under the Third Geneva Agreement, whether there is a case of all kinds of war or any other military battle, it is taking place between 2 or more countries.

Once the action is over, if any soldier of the Army or Air Force, or Navy remains in the enemy country, that country has to return that soldier.

It doesn’t need to be a war between two countries; only then will it be applicable, or that soldier is called Prisoner of War, then it will be helpful.

It can be appropriate in any situation. So under this Agreement, India asked Pakistan to release Wing Commander Abhinandan.

On the other hand, the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan, had agreed to the release of Abhinandan. But the Prime Minister of Pakistan had said that the release of IAF pilot Abhinandan is a ‘sign of peace for him.

But you need to know that the firing of Abhinandan by Pakistan has been done under the Geneva Agreement, and not it is a sign of peace from them.

In this way, due to the Geneva Accord, the enemy country had to send back Abhinandan, a brave soldier of our country. (Geneva Conventions)

With this, Pakistan, which had intended to threaten India by making that soldier one of its weapons, could not be fulfilled, leading to India’s victory once again.

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