National Awards of India
The Government of India gives national Awards. This is a great honor given to the people of the country and abroad for their good deeds.
India is a country full of diverse cultures and arts. Almost all the talents of the world are found here. Therefore, many different honors and awards have emerged for his encouragement.
Various awards have been kept at various levels ranging from sports to cinema and from literature to science.
The world’s largest democratic constitution came in 1950, after which these awards were given. By the way, people who do good work do not do this work for any honor or gift, but by honoring them, the country shows its gratitude towards them, as well as inspired by them, other people of the country get inspiration.
Such an award is mentioned in the constitution of every country of the world. Every country gives this award to humanity in its way to give respect to their work.
We also have the right to withdraw the care in our government of India. This means that if a person is awarded a National Award, but later if he is found guilty in any way, then that honor can also be withdrawn from him. If a person does not want this respect, then he can come forward and return it.
National Awards of India
The Government of India does the Indian Award. It is mainly kept in 5 parts –
- Leadership Award Gandhi Peace Prize
- Civilian Awards Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Shri.
- Special Awards National Sports Award, National Film Award, National Gallantry Award, Police Award
- Patriotic Award, Wartime Shaurya (Gallantry) Award, and Peaceful Gallantry (Gallantry) Award.
- Awards in the field of literature and film Bhartiya Jnanpith Samman, Moortidevi Samman, International Indian Film Academy Award (IIFA), Dadasaheb Phalke Award, Navlekhan Samman, Sahitya Akademi Award, Saraswati Samman
The Leadership Award
Gandhi Peace Prize
The Government of India started the International Gandhi Peace Prize in 1995, on Gandhiji’s 125th birthday, in honor of Mahatma Gandhi.
This award is given every year to such a person and organization that works with non-violence for society, politics, and economy and walks on the path shown by Gandhiji.
10 lakh rupees, which is converted into the currency of any country, and a medal and a certificate of honor are given as this award.
People for this award are selected by the Prime Minister of India, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the Judge of India, and two outstanding people together.
Anyone from all over the world can give his name for this award. A total of 12 people have been given this award to date. (National Awards of India)
This award started in 1954 is the most significant honor of the country. Any human being of any caste, religion, doing business is eligible for this award.
This award is given to those people who have done outstanding work in science, art, or literature. The person qualified for Bharat Ratna is suggested by the Prime Minister and the President himself.
This honor is given to a maximum of 3 people in a year. As an award, there is a medal and a letter of commendation signed by the President.
With the prize’s establishment, a circular gold medal was prepared for it, in which the country’s emblem and motto were printed.
In this medal, ‘Bharat Ratna’ was written in Devanagari. Later, a memento was prepared in the shape of a peepal leaf, on which Bharat Ratna is written in Devanagari.
Indira Gandhi, the country’s former prime minister, was the youngest woman to receive this honor. Shri Rajiv Gandhi received this honor posthumously; Shri Rajiv Gandhi was among the youngest to receive this honor posthumously.
The oldest recipient of this honor in his lifetime is Shri Gulzarilal Nanda. Sardar Patel was the oldest recipient of this honor posthumously.
The Padma Bhushan award was started in 1954. Padma Bhushan is given to people who have done some remarkable work in some field and achieved fame.
Arts, science, literature, sports, education, social work, medicine, engineering, civil service, industry, etc. If any person has achieved any remarkable achievement in any of these fields, he is considered eligible for this award.
Padma award is not given to anyone posthumously. Still, if there is a highly qualified person and Republic Day comes within one year of his death, then the government has a special right to award him posthumously. (National Awards of India)
This award is given to those special people who have gained fame by doing exceptional work in any field. If a person is in a government job and has gained fame from his work, he is also honored with this award. This award has been kept in 3 categories: First class 2. Second class 3.
This award is of a lower level than the rest of the awards mentioned above. In this, this award is given for achievement in any field.
Any person, irrespective of the work done, irrespective of gender, can register themself for the Padma award.
If a person has received a Padma award, then the next level of Padma award can be given to him after at least five years. But if there is a deserving person, then the concession is given to him by the award committee.
The names of eligible persons are sought by the Government of India every year from the State Government, Ministers who come by 1 October. The Award Committee and the Prime Minister of the country together prepare the list of awardees.
Then this list goes to the President, which he signs. Not more than 120 awards can be given in a year. The names of the award winners are published in the Gazette of India. The President can cancel the name of any person at any time.
The President announces the awards on 26 January. The award ceremony is held at Rashtrapati Bhavan in March-April, where the President presents the award to all. As an award, there is a medal and a letter of honor signed by the President.
A brochure is also released on the same day, on which all the winners are written. No title is given with the award, and nothing is added to the front or back of the name. No books, cards, or posters are taken out in the name of the winner.
After receiving the award, if a person does a wrong thing, there is also a provision to withdraw this honor. No financial assistance and special rights in rail, air travel is given with the award.
The Particular Awards
National Sports Awards
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna
This is India’s most significant honor for achievement in sports, which can be given to any player for any sport. Till now, great players like Sachin Tendulkar, Dhyan Chand, Vishwanathan Anand have got this award.
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award is the country’s highest honor in the field of sports. This honor was established in the year 1991-92.
Till the year 2016, under this award, 7.5 lakh prize money, citation, and memento have been given to the selected personality.
So far, 32 players have been given this award, including PV Sindhu, Deepa Karmarkar, Sakshi Malik, and Jitu Rai until the immediate time. The young players of the country are encouraged a lot by this honor.
This award, started in 1961, is given for exceptional achievement in the national sport. As a mark of respect, 5 lakh cash, a bronze statue of Arjuna, is offered.
This honor, started in 1985, is given by India’s Government to the coaches in sports. The bronze idol of Dronacharya and 5 lakh cash are offered in honor. (National Awards of India)
This honor of Lifetime Achievement is given to those who have devoted their whole life to the field of sports. This honor was started in 2002, in which 5 lakh cash and a letter of recognition are given.
National Film Awards
The National Film Award Ceremony is one of the significant honor ceremonies held in India. This honor was first established in the year 1954. Along with this event, International Film Festival is also organized in the country.
Every year a panel is constituted by the Government of India, which selects the winners. This ceremony is held in the capital of the country, New Delhi, where the then President gives these honors to the winners.
Award is provided in the feature film, non-feature film, best cinema writing, acting, etc. Medals, cash prizes, and citations are given to all the award winners.
Swarna Kamal and Rajat Kamal are awarded in the writing categories for Feature Film, Non-Feature Film, and Best Cinema.
Apart from this, Rajat Kamal Sammans are given for Best Screenplay, Best Cinematography, Best Short Film, Best Investigating Film, Best Animation Film, etc.
National Bravery Award, Police Award
A particular film which has been the best in terms of knowledge education is awarded this honor. Likewise, the gallantry award can be given to any ordinary man who has taken everyone by surprise by doing some courageous act. Similarly, police awards are also provided. (National Awards of India)
The Patriotic Awards
Wartime Gallantry Awards
Param Vir Chakra
This is the highest honor given to army officers for gallantry. This honor is given to a person who sets a unique example of courage and is ready to lay down his life in front of enemies.
This is the second place gallantry award given to an army jawan for gallantry.
This award of third place is given for gallantry during battle.
Peacetime Gallantry Awards
This is a Class 1 award. This honor is given to the brave man who is ready to give his life for the country by showing his bravery during the war.
This class 2 award is given to those who display more extraordinary gallantry for the country.
This class 3 honor is given for gallantry.
Literature and Film Awards
India is a country full of diverse cultures and arts. Almost all the talents of the world are found here.
Therefore, many different honors and awards have emerged for his encouragement. Various awards have been kept at varying levels of cinema and literature. Multiple awards are being described here. (National Awards of India)
Bharatiya Gyanpith Award
Gyanpith is the highest literary award in India. Bhartiya Jnanpith Trust was established in the year 1961 by the Sahu Shantiprasad Jain family.
It can be found by any writer in the country who writes in any of the 22 formal languages of the country. Before the year 1982, this honor was given based on any book of the author.
Still, after this year, the criteria of this honor were changed, and it was decided that due to being the country’s highest literary honor, it should be given throughout the life of an author. Given the scholarly contribution of
Eleven lakh rupees are given to the respected person as an honor, and a replica of Maa Saraswati is provided as a souvenir.
Ashapurna Devi, a Bengali female novelist, was the first litterateur to be given this honor for her novel ‘Prothom Pratishruti,’ which she wrote in 1965. (National Awards of India)
Moortidevi Samman is also a literary honor given by the Bharatiya Gyan Peeth. Smt. Moortidevi was the mother’s name of late Shanti Prasad Jain.
In his memory, this honor is given to those living litterateurs who are doing outstanding work in the literature under the philosophy of human values and Indian heritage. Two lakh rupees, a citation, a memento, and a statue of Vagdevi are given to the awardee. (National Awards of India)
International Indian Film Academy Award (IIFA)
IIFA is an honor given in Indian cinema. The first IIFA Awards were organized in the year 2000. This event was held at Millennium Dove, London.
After this year, this honor has been organized every year in different places of the world. One of the objectives of the world-class event is to promote Bollywood worldwide. The brand ambassador of IIFA is Amitabh Bachchan.
In IIFA, respect is given to the various works done in films. The award is given to the best results of the year selected for multiple jobs like Cinematography, Editing, Screenplay, Music, Direction, Acting, etc. (National Awards of India)
Dadasaheb Phalke Award
Sh. Dadasaheb Phalke Award is given to a film artist for his lifetime contribution to Indian cinema. Dadasaheb Phalke is considered the father of Indian cinema.
This honor is provided by the Government of India on behalf of the ‘Directorate of Film Festivals’ at the National Film Award Ceremony. Dadasaheb is called the father of Indian cinema.
Dadasaheb made India’s first entire-length film, whose name was Raja Harishchandra. This year the Dadasaheb Phalke award was given to renowned director K Viswanathan. He was given a gold lotus, a citation, ten lakh rupees, a source, and a shawl in the honor.
Navlekhan Samman is given by Bharatiya Gyanpith to encourage young writers of the country. In this honor, the idol of Mother Saraswati is given to the recipient as a souvenir, and the cash organization also provides cash prizes. (National Awards of India)
Sahitya Akademi Award
Sahitya Akademi was established in the year 1954 by the Government of India. Sahitya Akademi Award is for the litterateurs of the country, in which litterateurs are given respect for their works.
The creators send their jobs, and when the Academy selects them, the creator is given an award. As an award, prize money of one lakh rupees, a memento, and a citation are provided by the Government Academy.
This award is given on the compilation of works done in any one of the 22 formal languages of the country. (National Awards of India)
Like other awards, Saraswati Samman is also an annual honor given to Indian writers after seeing the work done in their prose or poetry genre.
A writer working in any one of the 22 formal languages of the country can get this honor. This honor is named after Saraswati, the goddess of learning.
KK Birla Group established Saraswati Samman in the year 1991. Under the award, the winning litterateur is given a cash prize of Rs 15 lakh, a memento, and a citation.