The Kohinoor Diamond History
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The Kohinoor Diamond History

The Kohinoor Diamond History

Diamond is a type of gemstone. Diamond is the most fantastic gem among various stones and gems. Diamonds were also dearer to the kings. “Kohinoor” is the most famous, old, and expensive diamond among all types of diamonds. (Kohinoor Diamond)

This sparkling diamond is precious. The meaning of Kohinoor is “mountain of light” or “chain of light.”

Its origin is from the Kollur mine in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, but still, Kohinoor is claimed by many countries as their own. Recently, the Kohinoor diamond has become the subject of discussion about its original place.

Let us know about the history of Kohinoor and interesting facts related to it:

Kohinoor Diamond History

The history of Kohinoor diamond is ancient in diamonds, gems, pearls, various gems, etc. Its history is about 5000 years old.

The Kohinoor, traveling through many countries, through the hands of many kings, is finally kept safe in the Tower of London.

The history of diamonds is ancient. Diamonds were first mentioned in the Sanskrit language about 5000 years ago. After that, it came to be known as “Syamantak.”

The thing to note here is that Syamantaka was considered different from Kohinoor. First in the 13th century, in 1304, it was the oldest diamond under the supervision of the king of Malwa.

Then in 1339, this diamond was kept in the city of Samarkand for about 300 years. An exciting and superstitious statement about diamonds was prevalent in Hindi literature for a few years.

According to this, whoever wears this diamond will be cursed and will be surrounded by many defects.

According to this curse, the person wearing the diamond will be known for all kinds of bad luck. Therefore, only a woman or a god can wear it, who will be able to stay away from all its defects.

Kohinoor remained under many Mughal rulers. Finally, the diamond remained within reach of Alauddin Khilji, the ruler of Delhi in the 14th century.

After this, in 1526, the Mughal ruler Babur mentioned the diamond in his article “Baburnama,” saying that this diamond was presented to him by Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi. Hence, he called it “Babur’s diamond.”

While protecting the gift of this priceless diamond of the state, Babur’s descendants, Aurangzeb and Humayun, handed it over to their descendant Mehmed (Grandson of Aurangzeb).

Aurangzeb brought it to the Badshahi Mosque of Lahore. Sultan Mehmed was a very fearless and efficient ruler. He had subjugated many states.

After this, King Nadir Shah of Persia came to India in 1739. They wanted to rule the kingdom of Sultan Mehmed.

Eventually, he defeated Sultan Mahmud and subjugated the Sultan and his kingdom’s heritage.

Then Nadir Shah gave the name of “Kohinoor” to the precious diamond of the state. He kept this diamond in his captivity in Persia for many years.

Nadir Shah could not live long enough to see the Kohinoor. In 1747, Nadir Shah was assassinated due to a political battle, and General Ahmed Shah Durrani took over this prized Kohinoor.

Then Shah Shuja Durrani, a descendant of Ahmad Shah Durrani, brought the Kohinoor back to India in 1813. He put it in the stern of his hand and wore it for several days.

Then finally, Shuja Durrani handed over the Kohinoor to Raja Ranjit Singh, the founder of the Sikh community.

Raja Ranjit Singh helped Shah Shuja Durrani fight Afghanistan and bring back the throne in return for this priceless gift.

The name of a favorite horse of Maharaj Ranjit Singh was also Kohinoor. So Raja Ranjit Singh said in his will to give the Kohinoor diamond to the temple of Jagannathpuri (Orissa, India) after his death. Still, the East India Company did not accept his will.

On 29 March 1849, Raja Ranjit Singh was defeated by the British force on the property of the Second Anglo-Sikh War and captured all the property and kingdom of Raja Ranjit Singh.

Then, implementing the Treaty of Lahore, the British government said to hand over Kohinoor to the British (England) Queen Victoria.

Where is the Kohinoor diamond?

The Kohinoor, traveling through many countries, through the hands of many kings, is finally kept safe in the Tower of London.

Kohinoor diamond price

Describing the value of the diamond, Babar said that it is the most valuable and expensive gem, whose price is almost half the value of a day’s income of the whole world.

Keeping Kohinoor by British India Company:

The Kohinoor diamond remained safe in India for several days under the supervision of Raja Ranjit Singh. But in 1849, when the British force conquered Punjab, the British government took over all the property of the Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh.

After this, the priceless Kohinoor was kept in their treasury by the British East India Company, and the rest of the Sikh ruler’s property was held as compensation for the battle.

Then this Kohinoor was brought to Britain by ship. It is believed that while carrying the Kohinoor, this precious diamond was lost in the hands of its caretaker and protector.

Still, after a few days, the story of his servant returning the Kohinoor is prevalent. This prized, sparkling diamond was finally handed over to Queen Victoria of England in July 1850.

Kohinoor diamond facts

Under Queen Victoria, this Kohinoor was kept for exhibition in the Crystal Palace. At this time, its weight was 186 carats. But this mountain of light did not appear as effective and shining at that time.

So people were very disappointed to see this. Especially Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria, was more disappointed to see the shine of the diamond. That’s why the Queen decided to give it a new look again.

In 1852 it was given to the Dutch jeweler Mr. Cantor, who cut it down to 105.6 carats. It was cut and made into an oval shape of 3.6cm x 3.2cm x 1.3cm. It has never been cut before.

Will of Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria used to wear it on any occasion or a special occasion. He has written in his will about the successor of Kohinoor that “Kohinoor should be worn only by queens.”

“If at any time a man becomes the ruler of the state, his wife will have the right to wear the Kohinoor.”

After the death of Queen Victoria, the Kohinoor was enshrined in the crown of the Queen. The Queens of Britain wears this crown. Its weight is about 106 carats.

The Kohinoor is inlaid with about 2000 diamonds in the crown of the Queen in the royal family of England.

This crown is kept in the Tower of London. Many people come from far and wide to see it. This is a priceless heritage of the royal family.

Queen Victoria wore it, then by Queen Alexander (wife of Edward VII), then by Queen Mary and Elizabeth.

Issues on Kohinoor

Many countries claim their right on Kohinoor. India says that the Kohinoor is the wealth of India, which was wrongly looted by the British.

In contrast, the British government says that Ranjit Singh gifted the Kohinoor to the British during the Lahore peace treaty. Many questions were raised on Kohinoor many times.

After India’s independence in 1947, India started the exercise of bringing back the Kohinoor.

After this, during the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953, the demand for Kohinoor was made by India, but every time the British government rejects all the arguments of India by stating the British right on Kohinoor.

Along with India, Pakistan is also included in the list for the right to Kohinoor. In 1976, Pakistan, stating its right on Kohinoor, asked the British government to return Kohinoor to Pakistan.

In response to this, the then British Prime Minister James Callaghan wrote a letter to the then Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto that “Kohinoor has been given to the British Government by Maharaja Ranjit Singh under the 1849 Peace Treaty of Lahore. And that’s why the British Queen cannot hand over Kohinoor to Pakistan.

After this, several times in the year 2000, the Indian House accused the British government of claiming the Kohinoor as an Indian, that the British government had obtained the Kohinoor unethically.

Faiz Ahmed Faiz, the spokesperson for India and the Taliban’s foreign issue, said that the Kohinoor is the property of Afghanistan, and it should be handed over to Afghanistan at the earliest.

He said that history tells that Kohinoor went to India from Afghanistan and then from India to Britain. Therefore, Afghanistan is a strong contender for Kohinoor.

In response to the return of the Kohinoor, in July 2010, the then British Prime Minister David Cameron said that “if the British Government accepts each country’s claim to be true and returns priceless gems and objects, then in no time the British Museum will be empty of priceless heritage.” “He flatly refused to return the Kohinoor during his Indian tour in February 2013.

Recently, in April 2016, a petition was filed by India to return Kohinoor to Britain. On this, the Indian Culture Minister Shri Mahesh Sharma has said that “the issue of Kohinoor will be resolved at the earliest.”

Regarding Kohinoor, some people of India believe that Kohinoor was presented as a gift to the British state by the Government of India.

However, during the petition on Kohinoor in the Supreme Court, the Indian lawyer said that the British government did not forcibly snatch Kohinoor from Ranjit Singh.

Still, Ranjit Singh had voluntarily presented Kohinoor to the British government as compensation for the war.

The Kohinoor issue is still very much discussed. While India is trying to bring it back, the British government is adamant about not returning it. So the governments of both the countries are looking for a solution for the right decision.

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